Since the publication of our article on penal substitution in honor / shame cultures, there have been some questions and concerns raised about our characterization of proponents of honor / shame contextualization.
Penal substitution offers a helpful corrective to those living in an honor-shame culture, and helps them rightly understand their status before God and what God has done for sinners in Jesus Christ.
Jesus Christ is committed to his church and publicly identifies with her. So should Christians in the Middle East—and every other part of the world.
Anand Samuel, a pastor in the UAE, reflects on how the nine marks are biblical concepts, not Western ones.