What are different spiritual categories of hearers a preacher should have in mind when applying the text?9Marks
You should strive to apply your sermons to both
Can a preacher apply the meaning of a text to hundreds of different hearers? Isn’t that the Holy Spirit’s job?9Marks
The important thing to consider here is the preacher’s work compared to the Holy Spirit’s work.
Suppose your friend asks you to summarize a two-hour movie you just saw. You could do that in five minutes or less. You would summarize the movie’s contents, emphasize what the movie is about, and by pointing to key moments in the movie.
Not necessarily. An expositional sermon should explain and apply the main point of a passage of Scripture. If a preacher is able to derive his homiletical outline directly from his exegetical outline, so much the better. This often allows the congregation to better see the structure of a passage.
Not necessarily. Do whatever works for you.
The advantage of writing out a full manuscript before preaching a sermon (whether or not you take that manuscript into the pulpit) is that writing is the evidence of thought. Writing down everything you intend to say will sharpen your thoughts and force you to be clearer and more precise than you would have been otherwise.
Different preachers will develop slightly different ways of preparing sermons, which is fine. Do what works for you. That said, here are some steps that should be involved in the preparation of any expositional sermon.
Some people today claim that expositional preaching is irrelevant for postmodern people. “People today need narrative and conversation and dialogue and drama! They don’t need expositional preaching.”
In fact, expositional preaching is particularly relevant for postmodern people:
Isn’t expositional preaching too monological and one-sided? Don’t people better learn through dialogue?9Marks
No, expostional preaching is not the only kind of preaching a pastor should do. But…
Yes. Some of these are more distant historical precedents and some of these are clear examples of expositional preaching—preaching that explains and applies the main point of a biblical text.
A pastor should preach expositionally because God works through God’s word. God speaking is God acting.*