Penal substitution implies efficacious redemption.
Penal substitution best accounts for why the divine Son had to die, and why he alone saves.
Did the church fathers also hold to the doctrine of penal substitution? The answer is yes and no.
It is only in viewing Christ as our penal substitute that we truly understand the depth of God’s holy love for us, the horrendous nature of our sin before God, and the glory of our substitute—Jesus Christ our Lord.
How do we preach the cross without communicating some kind of rupture in the Trinity?
At the root of every caricature of penal substitutionary atonement is a distorted doctrine of God.
Christ in his death and resurrection is the beating heart of the gospel. So preach penal substitutionary atonement in all its range and richness.
20 quotes from It Is Well, a book by Mark Dever & Michael Lawrence.
We should consider implementing personal testimonies—the practice of remembering God’s wondrous works and celebrating his mighty deeds in our lives and churches.
Scripture contains both commands to obey (law) and promises to believe for salvation (gospel). These are not antithetical to each other. Instead, they play indispensable yet different roles in the lives of Christians.
The victory of sin and death and the presence of suffering are only temporary in light of Jesus’ resurrection.
Like the book of Lamentations, Dark Clouds, Deep Mercy was also born out of tragedy.
If we want to see the gospel advance in Russia, then our churches must return to meaningful and biblical church membership—embracing the heritage left to us by Scripture and faithful Russian churches in previous generations.
But Christ intends the local church to be a comfort and grace to all believers— even those who, like me, have been victims of church abuse.
We asked three pastors to share a story of restoration—that is, someone who had been restored to membership after being disciplined for unrepentant sin.