Exodus 16–18: On the Benefits of Small Government, Good In-Laws, and a Plurality of Elders (Bible Talk, Ep. 27)

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It doesn’t take long for the Israelites to go from singing by the sea to grumbling against God, begging him to take them back to Egypt.

Alex Duke chats with Jim Hamilton and Sam Emadi about Exodus 16–18.


2:33 / After God tests Israel with lack of water in Exodus 15, he tests them with lack of food in Exodus 16. Why another test?

5:06 / How does Israel fair in God’s test?

7:19 / How does God address Israel’s complaint?

7:48 / Does Israel listen to the Lord’s plan to gather food daily?

9:28 / What is God teaching his people about the Sabbath by telling them to eat leftovers on the seventh day?

10:32 / What’s manna?

12:08 / God is merciful to the grumbling Israelites. So how seriously does the Lord take grumbling?

15:02 / By now, Israel knows that the LORD is their God. But then he says in Exodus 16:12, “At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread. Then you shall know that I am the LORD your God.” Why the repetition?

16:39 / Why does Aaron put an omer of manna in a jar?

17:29 / How does Jesus fulfill what’s happened in Exodus 16?

21:08 / By Exodus 17, Israel is thirsty again. Sam compares and contrasts this episode with their first grumbling for water two chapters ago.

22:44 / What’s the Lord’s response to Israel’s grumbling this time?

24:29 / Jesus is the rock that the Lord commands Moses to strike, right?

31:42 / Sam discusses an additional helpful cross reference for the first half of Exodus 17.

33:46 / Amalek comes out of nowhere to war with Israel. What’s the point of this story?

37:17 / Why does the Moses name an altar “The Lord Is My Banner?”

39:52 / Sam lists similar events that happen before and after Sinai. 

41:46 / Who is Jethro, and what role does his meeting with Moses play in the Exodus narrative?

46:47 / Jethro endorses 9Marks’ emphasis on plurality of elders.

Book: The Rare Jewel Of Christian Contentment, by Jeremiah Burroughs

Image: Moses draws water from the rock, Francois Perrier, 1642

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