Mailbag #2: Deaconess Qualifications, Private Baptisms, Knowing Members’ Giving

By Jonathan Leeman | 03.13.2015

If you have a question for us, please send it to Thank you!

How Our Elders and Deacons Work Together

By Mike Lumpkin | 08.26.2014

We have found that this model of shepherding groups gives us the best chance of fulfilling the responsibilities and relationships necessary to the offices of deacon and elder in member care.

Finding Faithful Elders and Deacons

By M. Dever, T. Anyabwile | 02.29.2012

Thabiti Anyabwile discusses how to recognize and cultivate godly church leaders.

Interview with Thabiti Anyabwile on his new book

By Thabiti Anyabwile | 05.20.2011

In order to provide you with a better introduction, I thought I’d ask Thabiti a few questions about the book.

Book Review: The New Testament Deacon: The Church’s Minister of Mercy, by Alexander Strauch

Review by Bobby Jamieson | 9Marks Journal: Deacons | 04.30.2010

If you want to understand the Bible’s teaching on deacons, this is a great place to start.

How to Separate Deacon Work from Elder Work

By Matt Schmucker | 9Marks Journal: Deacons | 04.28.2010

Whether between the pastors and the congregation or within the church’s leadership, division causes Christ’s church to suffer.

The Committee-Free, Task-Specific Deacon

By Matt Schmucker | 9Marks Journal: Deacons | 04.28.2010

Let me put this starkly: committees don’t work!

A Deacon on a Deacon’s Reward

By John Ingold | 9Marks Journal: Deacons | 03.31.2010

“Blessed to serve” is a phrase that rolls off the tongue readily enough, though often with less consideration than it deserves

Moving from a Deacon-Led to an Elder-Led Church

By Phil Newton | 9Marks Journal: Deacons | 03.31.2010

Rather than a healthy, robust congregationalism, this church practiced congregational micromanagement.

Do We Need To Use the Titles “Elder” and “Deacon”?

By Benjamin Merkle | 9Marks Journal: Deacons | 03.31.2010

There are no biblical qualifications for trustees, council members, “leadership teams,” or other titles of our devising.

The Biblical Qualifications and Responsibilities of Deacons

By Benjamin Merkle | 9Marks Journal: Deacons | 03.31.2010

The main difference between an elder and a deacon is a difference of gifts and calling, not character.

Deacons: Shock-Absorbers and Servants

By Jamie Dunlop | 9Marks Journal: Deacons | 03.31.2010

Elders lead ministry, deacons facilitate ministry, the congregation does ministry. That, I believe, is the New Testament model.

Should elders and deacons be trained? If so, how?

Principle 1: Churches should not give the responsibility of eldering to those who are not already eldering. Rather, they should nominate men who meet the biblical qualifications and are already doing the work. Nothing magical happens when a church calls a man to elder. Rather, it simply recognizes publicly what he already is.

How do elders relate to deacons?


Since deacons function like elders in many churches, the relationship between them can get confused. But we can see how they should relate to one another by again considering their distinct biblical responsibilities:

Is it important to use the titles “elder” and “deacon”?


While the titles “elder” and “deacon” are not essential to the church’s ministry, there are several good reasons why churches should use these biblical titles:

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